The United Kingdom has been a member of the European Union since 1973. That will change on 29 March 2019. Discontent grew among the British in recent years. The handling of the financial crisis and the approach to the (Syrian) refugee crisis fed that dissatisfaction. To nip the growing popularity of the Eurosceptic and right-wing UK Independence Party (UKIP) in the bud, former Prime Minister David Cameron declared a referendum on February 22, 2016. The British people could decide on the fate of their country.
At first, the leave camp – the side campaigning for the UK to leave the European Union – wasn’t positioned to win the vote Former mayor of London, Boris Johnson, and UKIP party leader Nigel Farage turned the tide. Their focus on the presumed exuberant costs of an EU-membership and the ‘dangers’ of immigration pushed more and more Britons towards the leave camp. On the other side was a remain camp who wasn’t exactly offering strong resistance. Their campaign focused on the possible (economic) consequences of a divorce. They thought the chances of a pro-Brexit vote were minimal. Indeed, the remain camp was leading just about every poll there was.
What was considered unthinkable, however, occurred on 23 June 2016. The people of Britain (or at least those that showed up to vote) had chosen to leave the European Union. ‘Brexit’ has been causing much uncertainty since then. The Prime Minister at the time, David Cameron, resigned and the now infamous Theresa May took over.